Replogle, the world's leading globe manufacturer (and maker of the Landen Floor Globe exclusive to Ultimate Globes), has always included monochrome drawings of ships of exploration in their antique-style globes.
Here are the ships that have appeared so far in Replogle globes. If you have a world globe, join in and trace their voyages.
1. Chinese Junk (200 A.D.)
From 1405 to 1433, Zheng He's treasure fleet of junks made seven voyages in the seas of Southeast Asia, India, Northeastern Africa and Arabia. Here's a picture of Zheng He's route (click to enlarge):
|17th-century depiction of Zheng He's ships (from Wikipedia)|
Here's another depiction of a treasure ship, with the treasures it contained:
2. Arab Dhow (500 A.D.)
by Mike LaB
Indian Ocean. The dhow was used in the coasts of East Africa, Arabia and India.
|From the Wikipedia article|
3. Polynesian Canoe (700 A.D.)outrigger canoes, the Polynesian canoe (aided by Polynesian navigation methods) helped populate the Polynesian Triangle.
|Polynesian Triangle (image from Wikipedia)|
Polynesian canoes for seafaring are typically double-hulled.
|Modern replica of a Polynesian canoe at Honolulu harbor (CC by Stan Shebs on Wikipedia)|
|Hawaiian priests traveling across Kealakekua Bay for first contact rituals (from Wikipedia)|
|Hokule`a, a Hawaiian wa'a kaulua or voyaging canoe, sailing off Honolulu, photo taken from onboard the Chinese junk Princess Taiping, January 22, 2009|
Mormon-owned Polynesian Cultural Center in Oahu, Hawaii, has the Polynesian canoe as its logo:
|(image from PCC's Wikipedia entry page)|
4. Viking Longship (838-840 A.D.)Viking Age who raided, traded, and flourished between the late 8th to the 11th centuries.
|The Gokstad Viking ship, Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway. (from WIkipedia)|
|The Oseberg ship prow, Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway. (from Wikipedia)|
|Viking Voyages and Territories (from Wikipedia)|
|Viking longship burning at the end of Edinburgh's Torchlight Procession|
5. Pinta, Niña, Santa Maria 1492-1493Christopher Columbus "discovered" the Americas for European conquest. The Santa Maria, Columbus' flagship was a carrack (the other two were caravels) sponsored by the monarchs of Spain (Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile).
|Ship model at Fort San Cristóbal, San Juan, Puerto Rico (image from Wikipedia)|
However, the Americas were not named for Columbus, the honor instead going to Italian Amerigo Vespucci. Some say it was because Vespucci's accounts of his travels outsold Columbus' three to one (helped by the loving details of the Vespucci crew's sexy exploits with the free-spirited Caribbean women).
|Voyages of Columbus|
6. São Gabriel 1497-1499São Gabriel was the flagship of Portuguese Vasco da Gama's first voyage (with another carrack São Rafael, Berrio (a caravel), and an unnamed storage ship.
|1558 depiction. Clockwise (top to bottom): São Rafael, São Gabriel, and Bérrio (from Wikipedia)|
Vasco da Gama is credited with directly sailing to India from Europe. But he is also known for atrocities to non-Europeans which inspired the movie, Urumi.
|The Portuguese India Run (from Wikipedia)|
7. Victoria 1519-1522Ferdinand Magellan, another Portuguese, whose 1519-1522 fleet expedition (sponsored by Spain's King Charles I) completed the first known (westward) circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan was killed in the island of Mactan in 1521). The Victoria was the only ship of Magellan's fleet of five to return back to Spain, with 18 men on board.
|1590 depiction of the Victoria (from Wikipedia)|
|Circumnavigation of the globe 1519-1522 (from Wikipedia)|
8. Heemskeerk 1642-1643yacht, is not very well known, but it was one of two that Abel Tasman used in an expedition that led to the discovery of Tasmania and New Zealand, and the sighting of Tonga and Fiji. Tasman's flagship was the fluyt Zeehaen.
Here's a depiction of the Heemskeerk from The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 11, Issue 8 (November 2, 1936), posted online by the New Zealand Electronic Text Collection of Victoria University of Wellington.
And here's Tasman and his voyages:
|Abel Tasman's routes from Batavia (Jakarta). Image from Wikipedia|
In his later years, Tasman might have enjoyed tracing his travels on a globe, as this part of a family portrait shows:
9. Endeavor 1768-1771HMS Endeavour, this ship reached New Zealand 127 years after Abel Tasman's Heemskeerk. The Endeavor is the first known ship to reach the east coast of Australia, when Captain James Cook went ashore at Botany Bay. Aside from the first circumnavigation of New Zealand and reaching east Australia, Captain Cook's expedition was also the first to have contact with the Hawaiian Islands.
|Earl of Pembroke, later HMS Endeavour, leaving Whitby Harbour in 1768. By Thomas Luny, dated 1790. (from Wikipedia)|
A replica of Endeavor was made in Australia 1988 and was completed in 1993. From 1996 to 2002, this replica traced Captain Cook's ports of call back to the original Endeavor's home port of Whitby Harbor.
|Captain James Cook|
|Routes of Captain Cook's Three Voyages (from Wikipedia)|
10. H.M.S. Beagle 1831-1836Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution owes much to the brig-sloop H.M.S. Beagle. The dates above refer to the Beagle's second voyage.
|HMS Beagle in the Straits of Magellan, pencil sketch circa 1900 (from Wikipedia)|
|The voyage of the Beagle (from Wikipedia)|
11. Vincennes 1838-1842warship to circumnavigate the globe. The dates above refer to the Wilkes Expedition to the Pacific Ocean and surrounding lands, under Lieutenant Charles Wilkes.
|19th century photograph of a painting (based on a sketch by Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, USN), depicting USS Vincennes in Disappointment Bay, Antarctica, circa January–February 1840. (from Wikipedia)|
|Route of the Wilkes Expedition (from the Titian Peale Butterfly and Moth Collection page)|
Trace awayThere you have it, Replogle's roll-call of ships that have appeared in their globes. Have fun tracing their routes. These are best enjoyed with an antique-finish Replogle globe.
'Antique' here refers to the parchment style antique finish of the oceans but Replogle uses up-to-date and detailed maps.
Speaking of 'detailed', Replogle also manufactures the globe that currently holds the title of "The World's Most Detailed Globe" (at over 20,000 place names) – the 32-inch Replogle Diplomat.